Sunday, May 6, 2012

Makarov Pistol (Pistolet Makarova)

Makarov Pistol (Pistolet Makarova)

Makarov Pistol

Makarov Pistol (Pistolet Makarova) The PM (Russian: Пистолет Макарова, Pistolet Makarova, literally Makarov's Pistol) is a semi-automatic pistol design.

Under the project leadership of Nikolay Fyodorovich  Makarov , it became the Soviet Union's standard military side arm from 1951-1991.
The  Makarov pistol resulted from a design competition for replacing the Tokarev TT-33 semi-automatic pistol and the Nagant M1895 revolver.[2] Rather than building a pistol to an existing cartridge in the Soviet inventory, Nikolai Makarov utilized essentially the "9mm Ultra"  Makarov cartridge which had been designed by Carl Walther G.m.b.H. for the German Luftwaffe during theSecond World War.

 Walther's cartridge became the 9x18mm  Makarov . For simplicity and economy, the Makarov pistol was of straight blowback operation, with the 9x18mm cartridge being the most powerful cartridge it could safely fire. Although the nominal calibre was 9.0mm, the actual bullet was 9.22mm in diameter, Makarov being shorter and wider and thus incompatible with pistols chambered for 9x19mm Parabellum cartridges

Consequently, Soviet ammunition was unusable in NATO firearms, and in the event of war NATO forces would be unable to use ammunition from Soviet sources

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